I recently started to have a look at the LibreOffice code to see if I could contribute to it. On their developers web page there is a nice tutorial on how to install all the build dependencies for it using Debian based Linux distributions like Ubuntu. If you want to get rid of all these dependencies after a while, for example because you are no longer interested or you need the disk space, it is very hard to delete them. Fortunately I found a working solution here.
To make things a bit easier I built a script to for command line use that can be downloaded here:

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#!/bin/bash
 
sudo aptitude markauto $(apt-cache showsrc "$1" \
    | grep Build-Depends \
    | perl -p -e 's/(?:[\[(].+?[\])]|Build-Depends:|,|\|)//g')

It can be invoked as follows (assuming it is in your PATH):

build-dep-rm openoffice.org

I want to emphasize that I did not invent this method, the credits should have to go to the persons that posted the solution on Launchpad.